Geranylgeranyl Diphosphate (GGPP)

Product Number: I-0200


Geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP) is an intermediate in isoprenoid biosynthesis. Isoprenoid compounds are a diverse group of natural products which are essential components in all cells. Isoprenoids are biosynthesized from the simple precursors isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). Eukaryotes, fungi, and some gram-positive bacteria produce IPP through the mevalonate (MVA) pathway whereas gram-negative and some gram-positive bacteria utilize the non-mevalonate or 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP) pathway. GGPP is formed by the addition of IPP to farnesyl diphosphate catalyzed by geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase.

Provided as the tris-ammonium salt

Product Keywords: Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, GGPP

Bulk discounts available, please email for information.


Biochemical Reagents


Isoprenoid, Isoprenoid Diphosphate

CAS Number


Molecular Formula


Molecular Weight (g/mol)





-20 °C or below

Shipping Temp

Gel Ice

Technical Data Sheet

1. Gibot, L., J. Follet, et al. (2009). “Human caspase 7 is positively controlled by SREBP-1 and SREBP-2.” Biochem J 420(3): 473-83.
2. Lai, D., B. Lluncor, et al. (2009). “Reconstruction of the archaeal isoprenoid ether lipid biosynthesis pathway in Escherichia coli through digeranylgeranylglyceryl phosphate.” Metabolic Engineering 11(3): 184.
3. Zhou, X.-P., K.-Y. Wu, et al. (2008). “TrkB-mediated activation of geranylgeranyltransferase I promotes dendritic morphogenesis.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105(44): 17181-17186.
4. Gruenbacher, G., H. Gander, et al. (2010). “IL-2 costimulation enables statin-mediated activation of human NK cells, preferentially through a mechanism involving CD56+ dendritic cells.” Cancer Res 70(23): 9611-20.
5. Gruenbacher, G., et al. (2016). “Ecto-ATPase CD39 Inactivates Isoprenoid-Derived Vγ9Vδ2 T Cell Phosphoantigens.” Cell Reports 16(2): 444-456.
6. Sugimoto, H., et al. (2017). “Bioanalysis of farnesyl pyrophosphate in human plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry and hybrid quadrupole Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry.” Anal Bioanal Chem 409(14): 3551-3560.

You may also like…

  • Geranyl Diphosphate (GPP) - Echelon Biosciences
    Biochemical Reagents

    Geranyl Diphosphate (GPP)

    Product Number: I-0100

    $219$626 View products
  • Isopentenyl Diphosphate (IPP) - Echelon Biosciences
    Biochemical Reagents

    Isopentenyl Diphosphate (IPP)

    Product Number: I-0050

    $219$536 View products
  • Neryl Diphosphate (NPP) - Echelon Biosciences
    Biochemical Reagents

    Neryl Diphosphate (NPP)

    Product Number: I-0120

    $230$761 View products
  • Dimethylallyl Diphosphate (DMAPP) - Echelon Biosciences
    Biochemical Reagents

    Dimethylallyl Diphosphate (DMAPP)

    Product Number: I-0051

    $144$547 View products
Shopping Cart
Scroll to Top

Technical Support

Bulk & Custom Orders