Inositol phosphates are important signaling molecules involved in numerous cellular functions. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3), aka IP3, is a second messenger produced by phospholipase C catalyzed hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2). IP3 binds to the IP3-receptor on the endoplasmic reticulum causing calcium to be released through the opening of a tetrameric ion channel. IP3 is rapidly metabolized by a specific series of inositol phosphatases and kinases.
Keywords: D-myo-Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, Ins(1,4,5)P3, I(1,4,5)P3, or IP3
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